Immaculate conception

Immaculate conception
   A theological doctrine that asserts that the Virgin Mary was conceived without sin. This doctrine did not become dogma until 1854, although Pope Sixtus IV gave it official approval in 1475. The doctrine was passionately defended for centuries, particularly in Spain where the monarchy took up the cause. Francisco Pacheco, Diego Velazquez's father-in-law, wrote in his treatise on art that the Immaculate Conception should be depicted by showing a youthful and beautiful Mary with long blond hair, a white tunic, blue mantle, with rays of light emanating from her head culminating in 12 stars. She should be standing on the moon, with its upper part forming a crescent. This, in fact, is how Velázquez painted his Immaculate Conception (1619; London, National Gallery), except that his Virgin's tunic is pink, not white — one of many representations of the kind in the history of Spanish art, including Francisco de Zurbarán's version of 1630-1635 (Madrid, Prado), Alonso Cano's of 1648 (Vitoria, Museo Provincial) and Bartolomé Esteban Murillo's of 1665-1670 (Madrid, Prado). In Italy, images of the Immaculate Conception are not as common as in Spain, though some splendid examples do exist, including Guido Reni's of 1627, now at the Metropolitan Museum in New York.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Immaculate Conception — • In the Constitution Ineffabilis Deus of 8 December, 1854, Pius IX pronounced and defined that the Blessed Virgin Mary in the first instance of her conception, by a singular privilege and grace granted by God, in view of the merits of Jesus… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Immaculate conception — Immaculate Im*mac u*late, a. [L. immaculatus; pref. im not + maculatus, p. p. of maculare to spot, stane, fr. macula spot. See {Mail} armor.] Without stain or blemish; spotless; undefiled; clear; pure. [1913 Webster] Were but my soul as pure From …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Immaculate Conception — ► NOUN 1) (in the Roman Catholic Church) the doctrine that God preserved the Virgin Mary from the taint of original sin from the moment she was conceived. 2) the feast commemorating the Immaculate Conception on December 8th …   English terms dictionary

  • Immaculate Conception — n. R.C.Ch. the doctrine that the Virgin Mary, though conceived naturally, was from the moment of conception free from any original sin: sometimes confused with VIRGIN BIRTH …   English World dictionary

  • Immaculate Conception — For the novel by Gaétan Soucy, see The Immaculate Conception. Immaculata redirects here. For other uses, see Immaculata (disambiguation). La Purisima Inmaculada Concepcion by Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, 1678, now in Museo del Prado, Spain. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Immaculate Conception — Rom. Cath. Ch. the dogma of the unique privilege by which the Virgin Mary was conceived in her mother s womb without the stain of original sin through the anticipated merits of Jesus Christ. Cf. virgin birth (def. 1). [1680 90] * * * In Roman… …   Universalium

  • Immaculate Conception — noun 1. Roman Catholic holy day first celebrated in 1854 • Syn: ↑December 8 • Hypernyms: ↑holy day of obligation 2. (Christianity) the Roman Catholic dogma that God preserved the Virgin Mary from any stain of original sin from the moment she was… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Immaculate Conception — noun Date: 1687 1. the conception of the Virgin Mary in which as decreed in Roman Catholic dogma her soul was preserved free from original sin by divine grace 2. December 8 observed as a Roman Catholic feast in commemoration of the Immaculate… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Immaculate Conception — noun a) The doctrine, in the Roman Catholic Church, that the Virgin Mary was conceived free from original sin b) December 8th (The Feast of the Immaculate Conception of Mary) …   Wiktionary

  • Immaculate Conception — noun the Roman Catholic doctrine that God preserved the Virgin Mary from the taint of original sin from the moment she was conceived. ↘the feast commemorating the Immaculate Conception on December 8th …   English new terms dictionary

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